PHP 5.3 to 5.6 Upgrade for CentOS Using External Repos
CentOS Linux is often an option when configuring a Virtual Private Server (VPS). CentOS is designed for stability, being based upon Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL). This means that although it has a long shelf life it may not have the latest features available to the Linux community. To help overcome this other repositories can be used to update the CentOS installation. Here is a list of some alternative repos for CentOS that provided various updated packages:
One package that may require updating is PHP. CentOS 6 will be supported until 2020 but comes with PHP 5.3, a few point releases behind the current PHP version. In this article the PHP available in CentOS 6 is updated to a later version. This tutorial is based upon a VPS running a minimal installation of the latest version of CentOS 6, the 64 bit version. The tutorial was tested on a Virtual Machine (VM) duplicate of the VPS on a local machine to ensure that the configuration steps correctly worked before applying the upgrade to live environment. Always have a backup of live data and always test upgrades on a duplicate test system. This minimises the risk to a live system.
It is assumed that the VPS is accessed via a Secure Shell (SSH). This method of access can be duplicated on a local test environment to replicate the real world set up. To upgrade PHP log in to the VPS and install an alternative repo, then use yum to install the later PHP version. Here repositories from Les RPM de Remi is used. Continue reading
CentOS 7 Supports In-Place Upgrading from CentOS 6.x for 64-bit Versions
This article covers upgrading a minimal CentOS 6.x system to CentOS 7. CentOS is a popular GNU/Linux OS for servers (including web servers) and workstations. Popular because it is a community based version of RHEL. CentOS is often an OS option when purchasing and setting up a VPS. The current major version of CentOS is version 7. CentOS 7 can be installed via an in-place upgrade over CentOS 6. However, CentOS 7 is only a 64-bit OS and therefore the system being upgraded has to be running 64-bit CentOS 6. To check if CentOS is 64-bit or 32-bit use the uname command with the -p option (p for processor):
[root@servername ~]# uname -p
The 64-bit CentOS will display x86_64 and 32-bit will display i686.
Words of caution. If your system has been highly customised then performing an in-place upgrade from CentOS 6 to 7 may not be successful. In this case, as for upgrading a 32-bit system, a data backup, new CentOS 7 installation and data restore will be required. Do you need CentOS 7 now? There is also no need to rush to upgrade to CentOS 7. CentOS 6 will be receiving updates until the end of 2020. This article is for informational and test purposes only. You are responsible for you own actions and an in-place upgrade from CentOS 6 to CentOS 7 is probably more trouble than doing a fresh CentOS 7 install and data restore. For example upgrading a minimal CentOS 6.6. to CentOS 7 may not work according to this bug report.
The other consideration is whether the new CentOS 7 features will hinder operation of your system. The new features may require changes to the normal workflow or they may be incompatible with software that is being used on the system. Whilst the CentOS 7 Release Notes list some major changes the RHEL 7 Release Notes has a detailed discussion. Continue reading